On March 10, 2021 local time, Mexico's house of Representatives passed Mexico's marijuana legalization bill with the result of "316 votes in favor, 129 votes against and 23 votes abstaining", which can legally use marijuana for entertainment, science, medicine and industry. The Act allows anyone aged 18 or above to apply for a license to grow, process, sell, research and import or export marijuana, and adults can legally consume and own marijuana (up to 28 grams at a time).
However, the marijuana legalization bill passed by the Mexican house of representatives must be returned to the Senate for review and approval, and finally submitted to the Mexican President "Lopez ovlador" for signature.
Prior to this, the Mexican president has made it clear that he supports the legalization of marijuana, and the Mexican Senate has also voted to pass the marijuana legalization bill. Therefore, after Mexico's house of Representatives passed the legalization bill, it is almost certain that the legalization of marijuana in the country is a certainty.
Mexico will become the third country to legalize marijuana after Uruguay and Canada. Among them, Uruguay fully legalized marijuana in 2013, becoming the first country in the world to establish a national legal marijuana market, while Canada completed the imitation in 2018, becoming the first country in North America to fully legalize marijuana.
It is worth noting that the population of Canada is only 37.89 million, and that of Uruguay is only 3.44 million. Even California, one of the largest legal marijuana markets in the United States, has a population of only about 40 million, while the population of Mexico is as high as 1.23 million After the legalization of marijuana, Mexico will become the largest legal marijuana market in the world, and increase the total population of the global legal marijuana market by three times.
Although the legalization of marijuana in Mexico is imminent, the country has experienced many setbacks in order to achieve this goal
(1) On November 4, 2015, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that four citizens were allowed to grow and smoke leisure marijuana on their own, and declared five provisions in a health bill prohibiting the use of marijuana unconstitutional. The court said banning marijuana for recreational use would affect individual freedom. At that time, the incident caused an uproar in the whole Mexican society and was regarded as a watershed in the history of legalization of Mexican marijuana.
(2) In June 2017, Mexico passed a medical marijuana act, but it still banned the use of marijuana for entertainment and could not be cultivated. Since then, Mexico has officially entered the ranks of countries legalizing medical marijuana. However, the policy on medical marijuana has not been implemented. So, in August 2019, Mexico's Supreme Court ordered the Ministry of health to issue guidelines for the use of medical marijuana within 180 days.
(3) In October 2019, the Mexican Senate announced the draft legislation on the full legalization of mahjong in Mexico, and announced the draft legislation being considered for approval on the Mexican Senate website. In March of the next year, senators from the Mexican Senate Committee approved the bill, and the Mexican marijuana legalization bill began to take shape.
(4) In November 2020, Mexico's Senate approved the marijuana legalization bill, which was passed by 82 votes in favor, 18 votes against and 7 abstention. It is a milestone, but it still needs to be finally approved by the house of Representatives.
(5) On March 10, 2021, after several extensions, the Mexican house of Representatives finally passed the marijuana legalization bill. It only needs to be submitted again to the Senate for deliberation and then to the president for signature before it becomes law. In addition, the National Drug Control Commission was established as an independent regulatory body.
With the full legalization of marijuana, the Mexican market is bound to become a competitive place for global marijuana giants.
First of all, Mexico has a superior geographical location. Mexico borders the United States in the north, the Pacific Ocean in the South and West, and the Gulf of Mexico in the East. It is the largest trading country in Latin America, which is conducive to the trade of marijuana companies.
Second, Mexico's population has a greater advantage. The population of this country is 123 million, 3.2 times that of Canada and 35.8 times that of Uruguay! The huge advantage of population makes the market potential of adult marijuana in Mexico far exceed that of the other two countries where marijuana is legalized.
Finally, Mexico already has a huge marijuana cultivation scale, but most of it is illegal industry. According to the Washington Post, as the global target market of Mexican gangs gradually legalizes marijuana, the illegal marijuana trade of the gangs has been hit hard, and even changed to avocado. With the legalization of marijuana in Mexico, it will help to further crack down on the illegal marijuana market and free up enough space for the legal marijuana market.
Currently, Canada's canopy growth, khiron life sciences and California's medical marijuana are closely monitoring the Mexican marijuana market.
Among them, canopy growth, the world's largest marijuana company, has received more than $4 billion of investment from constellation group of the United States. Corona beer, owned by constellation group, is the first Mexican beer in the world in terms of sales volume, and has a lot of infrastructure in Mexico. After the legalization of marijuana, canopy growth can directly use these facilities, which is likely to become the biggest winner in the legalization of marijuana in Mexico.
It is expected that from this year, we will see a large number of marijuana companies in the United States and Canada expand to Mexico, and a wonderful business war is coming.