The World Health Organization recently released a report showing that many countries have made progress in combating tobacco, but new nicotine and tobacco products such as e-cigarettes are threatening people's health.
Who is concerned that children who use these products are three times more likely to use tobacco products in the future than those who do not use them. Therefore, it strongly recommends that countries implement regulations to prevent non-smokers from starting to use these products.
At present, 32 countries in the world have banned the sale of e-cigarettes, and 79 countries have taken some measures to form a joint force to curb the savage growth of e-cigarettes to a certain extent.
India: sales are illegal and face heavy penalties
In September 2019, Indian Finance Minister sitaraman announced that the production, sales, import and export of e-cigarettes were prohibited nationwide, and the relevant advertising business was stopped, firing the first shot of India's crackdown on e-cigarettes.
Although the ban is not directly applicable to e-cigarette smoking, it means that Indian e-cigarette users will no longer be able to legally buy relevant products. Those who violate the ban for the first time may be fined US $1400 (US $1, about RMB 6.5) or imprisoned for one year, or both; Repeated violators may face up to three years in prison and a fine of nearly $7000.
Before the ban, e-cigarettes were more common than traditional cigarettes in India because they were cheaper, more styles and "cool". The Indian government previously said that banning e-cigarettes was to control the growth of potential smokers. In fact, before the ban was issued, more than a dozen local states in India had explicitly banned e-cigarettes.
However, the reporter found that although the Indian government has adopted an almost "zero tolerance" policy for e-cigarettes - heavy penalties if caught, businesses or individuals selling e-cigarettes can still be seen on some online shopping websites and social media platforms. Kumar, the seller, told reporters that the government's ban did not make e-cigarettes extinct in the market. Instead, it was "rare things are expensive", which made the price of e-cigarettes soar on the black market.
"It's nothing more than moving from the open market to the underground market. We don't have to advertise. We can still find us by searching the keyword 'e-cigarette' on the Internet," he said
Brazil: cleaning up online sales information
An article published on the website of Brazil's National Health Supervision Bureau pointed out that e-cigarette enterprises advocated that their products would help quit smoking and lacked scientific basis. Out of preventive considerations, the state announced a ban on the sales, import and advertising of e-cigarettes in August 2009.
In 2016, the National Health Supervision Bureau of Brazil, together with who and the National Cancer Institute of Brazil, published the research results on e-cigarette, introducing its raw materials, process design and health hazards. Since then, the Brazilian government has held expert seminars and public hearings on this issue on many occasions.
In May this year, the National Cancer Institute of Brazil published a research report pointing out that the smoking cessation effect of e-cigarettes is not ideal, and may even attract more people to smoke. Almeida, an epidemiologist at the Institute, said: "for those who can't quit smoking, e-cigarettes were initially used as a substitute for ordinary cigarettes, but over time, we found that this is not the case. E-cigarette enterprises attract new consumers through a lot of investment. Globally, most of the new consumers are young people who never smoke."
Although Brazil explicitly prohibits the sale of e-cigarettes, e-cigarettes can still be found on local social media and e-commerce platforms. Brazil's National Health Supervision Bureau calls on the public to report to the relevant departments immediately if they find the sale of e-cigarettes. The National Health Supervision Bureau will also regularly monitor the sales of e-cigarettes on the Internet. Since 2017, more than 700 advertisements related to e-cigarettes have been removed.
Moreover, from September 2019, Brazil's National Health Supervision Bureau requires relevant hospitals and medical staff to report cases related to the use of e-cigarettes and further monitor the hazards of e-cigarettes.
Thailand: illegal import sentenced to 10 years
In 2014, the Ministry of public health of Thailand amended the tobacco product control act to bring e-cigarettes into the regulatory framework and prohibit sales. The Ministry of Commerce of Thailand has also formulated regulations to stop the import of e-cigarettes. At the same time, relevant departments began to check whether electronic cigarettes are sold in entertainment places, especially near universities.
At that time, e-cigarettes became increasingly popular in Thailand and were popular with young people. The Department of disease control of the Ministry of public health found that the chemical smoke produced by e-cigarettes contains carcinogenic metal particles, and the content of nicotine is also very high, which is harmful to human body. Moreover, there is no scientific evidence that e-cigarettes help to quit smoking, but some advertisements suggest that e-cigarettes have this effect, causing misunderstanding among the public.
The survey found that the probability of teenagers who smoke e-cigarettes in Thailand is much higher than those who have not tried e-cigarettes. Therefore, the government hopes to adopt laws and regulations to curb the spread of e-cigarettes in Thailand and protect people's health.
Thai law prohibits the production, sale and import of e-cigarettes. Those who import e-cigarettes in violation of the regulations will be sentenced to up to 10 years' imprisonment or a fine equivalent to 5 times the value of the imported goods, depending on the seriousness of the circumstances; Anyone who sells or is found to have an electronic cigarette will face up to five years' imprisonment; Foreign tourists traveling to Thailand are also prohibited from bringing e-cigarettes or related equipment into Thailand. Violators will be sentenced to up to 10 years' imprisonment or a fine of 4 times the value of their belongings.
United States: continuous upgrading of control
According to the Washington Post, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will decide on September 9 whether to allow e-cigarette manufacturer Juul to continue to sell in the United States. The report pointed out that the review procedure began in September last year, and e-cigarette enterprises must apply to the FDA for permission to continue to sell their products. If the FDA does not approve it before September this year, these companies should stop selling, otherwise they may face fines, seizures and other penalties.
Juul, a Silicon Valley start-up, has stopped selling mint and fruit flavored e-cigarettes in recent years after being widely criticized. However, many health organizations and parents say that Juul led to a surge in the number of teenagers using e-cigarettes from 2017 to 2019, and there is not enough evidence that its products help quit smoking.
About 480000 people die from smoking in the United States every year. E-cigarettes were initially considered as a substitute for combustible tobacco, with relatively little harm. However, the new electronic cigarette products launched by Juul company quickly "hunt" teenagers and young people. In 2018, FDA announced that electronic cigarette smoking among teenagers has become an epidemic in the United States. In 2019, even earlier, e-cigarette related diseases broke out in many states of the United States, and peaked in September 2019.
In order to cope with the spread of e-cigarettes, since August 8, 2016, FDA has mandated that e-cigarettes be regulated as tobacco products. In September 2019, FDA issued regulations to prohibit the sale of electronic cigarette products with non tobacco flavor, so as to control the trend of teenagers smoking electronic cigarettes. At the state level, at least 13 states have issued a ban on smoking e-cigarettes in public.
In June 2019, San Francisco, California, became the first American city to ban the sale of e-cigarettes. Michigan announced on September 4 that it banned the sale of scented e-cigarettes. California originally planned to implement the sales ban on most flavored e-cigarettes from January 1, 2021, but this effort has been shelved because of the "obstruction" of tobacco companies. Therefore, California decided to vote on whether to implement the ban in November 2022.
Singapore: if you dare to sell it to children, sell it immediately
Singapore is one of the countries with the largest anti-smoking efforts in the world. The tobacco sales and advertising control act of Singapore stipulates that it is illegal for anyone to own, purchase and sell all kinds of electronic cigarettes and tobacco products in Singapore from February 1, 2018.
Previously, the same act stipulated that it was illegal to import e-cigarettes into Singapore from August 1, 2016. Once convicted, the violator will face a fine of S $2000 (S $1, about RMB 4.8) or detention for 6 months; If it is a recidivist, the fine will be as high as S $20000 or imprisonment for 12 months.
In fact, as early as 2014, the Health Sciences Bureau of Singapore issued a ticket of S $64000 for a cigarette vendor who illegally sold e-cigarettes online. Not only e-cigarettes, Singapore also has very strict tobacco management. Starting this year, the legal age of buying cigarettes will be raised to 21. In other words, any act of selling tobacco to people under the age of 21 is illegal and subject to severe punishment.
The health department of Singapore stipulates that once it is found that tobacco is sold to minors in school uniforms or people under the age of 12, the seller's legal license will be revoked immediately, and a high fine will be paid, and the seller will bear the corresponding legal responsibility. At the same time, minors who buy tobacco are subject to a fine of S $300.