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Most doctors misunderstand the risk of nicotine

2020/11/18|Knowledge

According to vapingpost, a U.S. national survey published in the Journal of general internal medicine showed that most local doctors misunderstood the risk of nicotine.

The study, entitled "American doctors' misconceptions about nicotine risk," by researchers at Rutgers University in New Jersey, surveyed six professionals (family medicine, internal medicine, obstetrics and Gynecology, cardiology, lung and intensive care hematology and Oncology) to explore their knowledge and advice on tobacco use from September 2018 to February 2019. A total of 1020 doctors were asked about their understanding of tobacco treatment practices, their belief in harm reduction, and the use of tobacco and e-cigarettes.

According to the compiled data, 83% of doctors mistakenly believe that nicotine causes heart disease directly, and 81% of doctors believe that nicotine causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The results also show that compared with other professions, pulmonary doctors are less likely to associate nicotine intake with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and family doctors are more likely than oncologists to believe that nicotine causes cancer.

"Doctors must be aware of the actual risks of nicotine use, as they are critical in prescribing and recommending FDA approved nicotine replacement therapy products to help patients who use other dangerous forms of tobacco," said Michael B. Steinberg, director of the Rutgers tobacco dependence program Cigarettes are not safer than traditional cigarettes. "

The researchers found that less than one-third of the doctors interviewed believed that nicotine intake was a direct cause of birth defects, while 30% did not answer the question, indicating they did not know. Young doctors and women doctors are more likely than men to be aware of the correct risk of nicotine for birth defects, while obstetricians and gynecologists are more likely to misjudge than other professional doctors.

Based on these findings, the researchers concluded that some measures need to be taken to correct misconceptions about nicotine consumption.

"In view of the FDA's nicotine centric framework, correcting medical misconceptions should be a priority, which includes reducing nicotine levels in cigarettes to non addictive levels and encouraging safer forms of nicotine, such as NR," said Christina del Nevo, director of the Rutgers tobacco research center and a professor at Rutgers University's School of public health T. To help quit smoking, such as smokeless tobacco or heating without burning to reduce harm.

At the same time, although nicotine is usually consumed through smoking, its "name" is often poor. But a number of studies have shown that nicotine may have a positive effect on brain health. A 2016 study published in the Journal of open access of toxicology found that nicotine can play a crucial role in the prevention of obesity, thereby preventing brain atrophy, and preventing the onset of Alzheimer's disease and other nervous system diseases.

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