NASEM / National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Even if e-cigarette is not completely without health risks, its harm is far less than tobacco.
Us food and Drug Administration
End products such as e-cigarettes may provide a less harmful alternative for adult smokers who are currently addicted to nicotine. They still hope to obtain satisfactory nicotine content without many harmful effects of tobacco combustion.
American Cancer Society
According to the available evidence, in today's society, the harm of electronic cigarette is obviously less than that of combustible tobacco products.
American Association of Public Health Physicians
If smokers do not want or do not want to quit smoking, the American Public Health Association considers turning to less harmful smokeless tobacco / nicotine products (including nicotine physicians alternative therapy; electronic cigarettes; snuff and other forms of wet snuff, chewing tobacco, etc.).
Royal College of Physicians
Existing data from Royal College show that the health risk of e-cigarettes is unlikely to exceed 5% of tobacco-related products, and it is likely to be lower. In the UK, harm reduction is a recognized element of total tobacco control. Electronic cigarettes can effectively help people quit smoking. No health hazards associated with second-hand steam have been identified.
British Medical Association
In terms of reducing the major hazards related to smoking, the use of e-cigarettes has obvious potential benefits, and there is a growing consensus that the harm of e-cigarettes is far less than that of cigarettes.
British Lung Foundation
There is more evidence than ever that e-cigarettes are safer than cigarettes and are an effective way to quit smoking. Replacing cigarettes with electronic cigarettes can improve your symptoms of heart disease, such as asthma and COPD.
Public Health England
E-cigarettes are a small part of the risk of smoking in public health, the harm is reduced by at least 95%, and the risk to bystanders is negligible. However, more than half of smokers or British people mistakenly believe that e-cigarettes are as harmful as cigarettes, or they don't know at all.
Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group
E-cigarettes may increase the chances of smokers who are long-term nicotine addicts to quit smoking, and there are no serious side effects associated with their use (up to two years).
Government of Canada
Cigarettes are far more harmful than electronic cigarettes. Adults now have legal access to nicotine aerosols, which are less harmful than smoking. The shift from combustible cigarettes to electronic cigarettes will reduce people's exposure to many toxic and carcinogenic chemicals.
National Health Service Scotland
Smoking causes death. Helping people quit smoking completely through the NHS is our top priority. According to the current evidence, we have reached a consensus that the harm of atomized electronic cigarettes is certainly lower than the traditional consensus, that is, the harm of atomized electronic cigarettes is certainly lower than the traditional tobacco products. If Scottish smokers use them instead of tobacco, that would be a good thing.