According to foreign reports, as more and more smokers turn to low-risk alternatives such as e-cigarettes, cigarette sales in Australia are declining at an unprecedented rate. Compared with two years ago, tobacco sales in Australia have decreased by 410 million cigarettes.
Dr. Murray laugsen, trustee of the New Zealand quit smoking charity, analyzed the revenue of tobacco companies announced by the Ministry of health and found that the sales of tobacco companies decreased significantly. Cigarette sales in 2019 will be about 2132 million cigarettes, 193 million cigarettes less than that in 2018, after 217 million cigarettes in 2017.
This trend is driven by factors such as costs and other products (e.g., e-cigarettes), but it must be accelerated to achieve the goal of smoking rates below 5% by December 2025. A pack of 25 cigarettes was a $16.39 in 2011 and is now about a $41.89 (US $32).
"Continuing to reduce tobacco use by 9.5% per capita per year indicates that this target will not be achieved until at least 2029 (four years overdue)," said Dr. George laking, oncologist and chairman of the New Zealand e-cigarette organization. "The success of this goal means a further 5% reduction in tobacco imports per year from 2021."
Increasing costs is one of the best ways to reduce smoking rates, but prices have already reached such levels, which may do more harm than good, says Larkin. "The suffering of the disadvantaged is so serious If everyone in New Zealand has a middle-class standard of living, then we won't be in the gray zone. We would say, 'this is the most effective tool we have.'.
Other effective measures will be to reduce the supply of tobacco and provide acceptable alternatives for older smokers, he added. The latter has evolved from nicotine patches and chewing gum to electronic cigarettes and "non combustion" devices that heat tobacco to lower temperatures than cigarettes.
"Although e-cigarettes and nonflammable electronics are not perfect, it would actually be much better if we were to translate the smoking epidemic into people using less harmful products."
This month, 620 days after vice secretary of health Jenny salesa promised to regulate the industry in November 2018, legislation was passed to ban advertising and limit the taste of e-cigarettes. The bill, which will take effect in November, will enable the Ministry of health to recall products, suspend them and issue warnings.
The new legislation attempts to strike a balance between helping people quit smoking and avoiding non-smokers, including young people, from absorbing aerosol products and new products, he said.