According to vapingpost, a recent study published in addiction aims to determine the effectiveness of nicotine gum in preventing relapse after quitting smoking. The study found that nicotine gum reduced the risk by 55% compared with placebo.
The study, entitled "secondary analysis: the effectiveness of nicotine gum in preventing the temptation of non daily smokers to smoke," consisted of a randomized clinical trial comparing the effects of nicotine gum and placebo on non daily smokers to quit smoking.
The trial included a 6-week randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial of nicotine gum, which included 255 adult its (131 nicotine gum, 124 placebo) seeking help quitting smoking. The researchers investigated the results of temptations with or without gum.
Participants reported 2713 temptations, 46.0% (1248) of which resulted in smoking (flattening). The data compiled showed that nicotine gum was 55% less likely to overlap than placebo (or = 0.45, 0.22-0.94).
Meanwhile, a 2019 randomized trial conducted by Queen Mary University in London, supported by the National Institutes of health, the health technology assessment program and cancer research in the UK, shows that e-cigarettes are almost twice as effective as other NRTs in quitting smoking.
Researchers followed nearly 900 smokers' attempts to quit smoking. All adults participating in the NHS smoking cessation clinic were randomly divided into two groups. One group received conventional nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), such as nicotine gum or patches (including the product mix they wanted), while the other received electronic cigarettes. In addition, the two groups also received behavioral support.
A year later, participants were assessed for smoking status, including biochemical tests, to ensure that those who claimed to quit were actually effective. The study showed that the one-year withdrawal rate of NRT group reached 9.9%, which is considered to be surprisingly high, because previous studies found that the withdrawal rate of NRT was only 5-7%. However, the success rate of e-cigarette group was almost twice that of the latter, and the withdrawal rate was 18%.